Tenerife is one of the most suitable places in the world for astronomical observation thanks to the transparency of the sky, the quality of the air and a strategic geographical position near the Tropic of Cancer.
At 2,500 meters above sea level, within the Teide National Park, stands the Teide Observatory. Run by the Canary Islands Institute of Astrophysics, the Teide Observatory is the largest solar observatory in the world. equipped with the latest technologies for the optimal study of the sky, it boasts the collaboration of as many as 19 countries.
The transparency of the sky is also given by the presence of the Law on the Protection of Astronomical Quality of Observatories, also known as the “Law of the Canarian Sky”, which regulates the levels of light, atmospheric and radioelectric pollution, as well as air routes.
The Teide National Park and its peaks have obtained the “Starlight” certification as a tourist destination and reserve. This initiative has the support of international organizations such as UNESCO and the International Astronomical Union. In this way the Teide is the first declared World Heritage site and at the same time called “Starlight Tourist Destination”
“In 1964 the first telescope of the Teide Observatory began to operate, which currently dedicates its scientific activity to solar observation and robotic astronomy”
“From the Teide observatory it was discovered that the sun has its own frequency and that it pulsates, just like the heart, every 5 minutes”
“In 1995, the IAC-80 Telescope was the first in the world to discover the first brown dwarf (a particular type of celestial blow that has a mass greater than that of a planet, but smaller than the mass of the Sun) called Teide- 1 “
THE TEIDE OBSERVATORY IN NUMBERS
Area: 50 hectares
Altitude: 2,400 meters
Longitude: 16º30´35 “West
Latitude: 28º18´00 “North
Institutions involved: 60
Partner countries = 19
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